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Acid-Base


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Gases

Kinetics

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Reactions

Equilibrium

Acid-Base

Nuclear

Descriptive

Organic

Electrochemistry

AP Exam

 

Notes 

_____________Lecture Notes_____________

Acid-Base Fundamentals (.ppt)

Acid-Base Equilibria (.ppt)

 

A Concise outline of Acid-Base Chemistry
(UNC-Chapel Hill Chemistry Fundamentals Program)

Weak Acids & Bases
 (by Cyberspace Chemistry at the University of Waterloo)

Indicator Table

Labs 

Virtual Lab from the ChemCollective

Lab: Standardizing a Solution of Sodium Hydroxide

Lab: Acid-Base Titration

Lab: Determining the Ka by the Half-Titration Method

Lab: Investigating Indicators

Simulations & Tutorials 

A simple but very good Buffer Simulation

An Excellent Indicator WebPage

An AP Chemistry Level instructional site on Acid-Base Indicators

A rather extensive list of indicator concentrations.

Acid Rain Animation

Acid-Base Ionization Animation

Simulation of Henderson-Hasselbalch & Titration

 

JCE WebWare:  Principle Species & pH

An excellent titration simulator (user name & password required - obtain from Mr. Scott)

 

Many of these simulations need MacroMedia Shockwave Player (with the Flash Player)

 

Download Shockwave Download Adobe Flash Player

Or go to http://www.macromedia.com/downloads/

 

 

Titration Simulations

 Dr. Greenbowe's Titration Simulation at Iowa State University

Dr. Greenbow's pH Meter Simulation

 Dr. Yue-Ling Wong's Titration Simulator at Wake Forest University

Titration Simulator at USC (Univ. of Southern California)

Downloadable

Prof. Lancashire's Titration Simulator - University of the West Indies (Runs in MS-Windows)

Titration Simulator at UIUC

All-in-One: pH Calculator, Virtual Titrator, Real Titration Data Analyzer, & Distribution Diagram Generator from Sharewareconnection.com

 

 Indicator Table

Indicator

pH Range

Acid

Base

Thymol Blue

1.2  -  2.8

red

yellow

Pentamethoxy red

1.2  -  2.3

red-violet

colorless

Tropeolin OO

1.3  -  3.2

red

yellow

2,4-Dinitrophenol

2.4  -  4.0

colorless

yellow

Methyl yellow

2.9  -  4.0

red

yellow

Methyl orange

3.1  -  4.4

red

orange

Bromphenol blue

3.0  -  4.6

yellow

blue-violet

Tetrabromphenol blue

3.0  -  4.6

yellow

blue

Alizarin sodium sulfonate

3.7  -  5.2

yellow

violet

a-Naphthyl red

3.7  -  5.0

red

yellow

p-Ethoxychrysoidine

3.5  -  5.5

red

yellow

Bromcresol green

4.0  -  5.6

yellow

blue

Methyl red

4.4  -  6.2

red

yellow

Bromcresol purple

5.2  -  6.8

yellow

purple

Chlorphenol red

5.4  -  6.8

yellow

red

Bromphenol blue

6.2  -  7.6

yellow

blue

p-Nitrophenol

5.0  -  7.0

colorless

yellow

Azolitmin

5.0  -  8.0

red

blue

Phenol red

6.4  -  8.0

yellow

red

Neutral red

6.8  -  8.0

red

yellow

Rosolic acid

6.8  -  8.0

yellow

red

Cresol red

7.2  -  8.8

yellow

red

a-Naphtholphthalein

7.3  -  8.7

rose

green

Tropeolin OOO

7.6  -  8.9

yellow

rose-red

Thymol blue

8.0  -  9.6

yellow

blue

Phenolphthalein

8.0  -  10.0

colorless

red

a-Naphtholbenzein

9.0  -  11.0

yellow

blue

Thymolphthalein

9.4  -  10.6

colorless

blue

Nile blue

10.1  -  11.1

blue

red

Alizarin yellow

10.0  -  12.0

yellow

lilac

Salicyl yellow

10.0  -  12.0

yellow

orange-brown

Diazo violet

10.1  -  12.0

yellow

violet

Tropeolin O

11.0  -  13.0

yellow

orange-brown

Nitramine

11.0  -  13.0

colorless

orange-brown

Poirrier's blue

11.0  -  13.0

blue

violet-pink

Trinitrobenzoic acid

12.0  -  13.4

colorless

orange-red

Tests & Quizzes  

Here is a large selection of short quizzes on acids & bases.  These are provided by The Ohio State University Chemistry Department.

 

       

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